Rwanda - Overview
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Rwanda is involved in the PSI program (The Policy Support Instrument) with the IMF in order to strengthen its economy, to promote a long-term growth and to reduce the country's dependence on foreign aid. The government gives preference to the diversification of its economy. As well as the program "Vision 2020" which establishes priorities for the development of non-agricultural activities, reinforcement of the effectiveness of services and an improvement in targeting social protection measures.
Rwanda is a heavily indebted poor country (HIPC) where the majority of the population lives below the poverty line and where almost 30% of the population suffers from the lack of food security.
Foreign trade overview
The country's customs duties and non-tariff barriers are rather low (an average of 14.4%). The unstable geopolitical environment and an unskilled workforce are the main obstacles to the Rwandese economy.
The country imports much more than what it exports and this creates a structural trade deficit, a trend that is expected to continue during the next coming years.
Rwanda top trade partners are the EAC (East African Community) member countries, the European Union and the United Arab Emirates.
The low level of human resources, the poor quality of its infrastructures, the country's landlocked position, high operating costs, the limited natural resources and the political instability of the region are some of the factors that limit the potential attraction of the country. Nevertheless, Rwanda has its assets: a substantial reserve of methane gas, a mining potential in expansion and hardly explored, and a reputation of being one of the least corrupted countries in Africa.
Coffee, tea, tin, energy and telecommunications are some of the sectors targeted by foreign investment. Indonesia, China and Germany are the main investor countries.